postheadericon Lion. Barbary lions History

Barbary lion Samson Barbary lion (Latin: Panthera leo leo), also known as the Atlas or Nubian lion - lion subspecies.

Was originally distributed in North Africa and is now extinct in the wild. Some individuals currently living in captivity are descended from Barbary lions, but representatives of the purebred subspecies of them already, apparently not. In 1758 it was Barbary lions were used by Carl Linnaeus to describe and classify the lions and so are today nominotipichnym taxon of the species.

Initially, researchers proceeded from the fact that Barbary lions are extinct in captivity. However, the rulers of the Moroccan Berbers received from the Lions in the present, when these animals have become quite rare. Individuals who are Moroccan King Hassan II in Rabat in 1970 passed the zoo, were probably the direct descendants of the lions. Morphology sent copies corresponded to the historical description of the Barbary lions. In 1998, lived another 52 lions, lions originating from the Sultan, but they also have other types of impurities. 11 individuals, who may also be the descendants of Barbary lions, live in a zoo in Addis Ababa. Their ancestors were owned by Emperor Haile Selassie I.

Previously, Barbary lions phenotype was an argument in favor the validity of their status as a subspecies. According to a new study looks of these animals may be due, and the external environment. A thick mane is only possible adaptation to cold environments. In lions, regardless of the subspecies appears thicker mane, if they live in a fairly cold climate, for example in European zoos. Genetic studies in 2006, however, reinforced the status of the Barbary lions as a subspecies. This, however, depends on the still not completely clear origin lions Hassan II.

In various zoos and circuses have instances that are likely to come from Barbary lions, but is likely to mongrel. There are also individuals that are a result of interbreeding have outward signs of Barbary lions, but have only partially genetic material of this subspecies.